One of Orwell's goals in writing Animal Farm was to portray the Russian (or Bolshevik) Revolution of 1917 as one that resulted in a government more oppressive, totalitarian, and deadly than the one it overthrew. Many of the characters and events of Orwell's novel parallel those of the Russian Revolution: In short, Manor Farm is a model of Russia, and old Major, Snowball, and Napoleon represent the dominant figures of the Russian Revolution.
Animal Farm (1945) is a novella by George Orwell. Originally sub-titled A Fairy Story, it is a commentary on the development of Russian communism under Joseph Stalin (1878–1953) delivered in allegorical form. The thoroughgoing allegory compares the inequalities of brutal, socially unequal pre-Revolutionary Russia with a cruelly run farm on which the humans represent the capitalists and aristocrats, and the animals represent the people.
The allegorical fable, Animal Farm, aggressively satirises communist rule under Joseph Stalin. Using a range of (satirical and literary devices, features and forms) it completely annihilates the viability of communism through scathingly exposing its follies. Progression of the novel Animal Farm sees audiences engage in critical self-judgement of the inevitable conversion of communist government into totalitarian regimes and the necessity of duplicity & propaganda required to run a communist schematic.