Once you understand exactly what you have to do to answer your essay question, you're ready to start planning and researching.
Do this well and you'll have no trouble writing your essay.
Write an essay plan
A good essay plan helps you arrange your ideas logically and stay on track during the writing process.
Your plan should state how you're going to prove your argument, including the evidence you're going to use. Structure your plan around the different parts of an essay. To do this:
Your argument is the message you want your reader to remember when they finish reading. When writing an essay, you need to set up a clear argument in the introduction and develop it in the body of the essay.
A good argument :
If the essay question is testing work you've covered in class, you might already know what you think about the topic. Research is then about finding evidence to back up this point of view.
If the question is asking you to find out new information, it's often harder to come up with a clear argument. If you're not sure what you think about a topic, start reading and let the information you find guide your essay.
Keep an open mind
Whatever your opinion about a topic, it's important to be open to different points of view during your research. If most of the information you find disagrees with your argument, consider changing your point of view – after all, your essay has to be shaped by the evidence you find.