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World War II: Propaganda

Propaganda Analysis

Propaganda is a deliberate and systematic attempt to shape perceptions, manipulate cognitions, and direct behaviour to achieve a response that furthers the desired intent of the propagandist.

The following are 10 divisions for analysis incorporating the major elements of propaganda:

1. The ideology and purpose of the propaganda campaign

2. The context in which the propaganda occurs

3. Identification of the propagandist

4. The structure of the propaganda organisation

5. The target audience

6. Media utilisation techniques

7. Special techniques to maximise effect

8. Audience reaction to various techniques

9. Counterpropaganda, if present

10. Effects and evaluation

From Propaganda and persuasion, Garth S Jowett and Victoria O'Donnell, 2005, p.270, accessed 20 April 2017.

"Know your enemy: Japan!"

"Know Your Enemy: Japan" was produced by the Princeton Film Center in cooperation with the Institute of Pacific Relations, narrated by Radcliffe Hall and featuring text by Major George Fielding Eliot, "Know Your Enemy Japan!" attempts to answer such vital questions as: How large in the Japanese Empire? Is Japan self-sufficient in food? What is Japan's naval and military strength? What are the living standards of the Japanese people? What are Japan's vital weaknesses? How can Japan be defeated?" It includes footage of the Japanese invasion of China and the attack on Pearl Harbor. Shows the long history of Japanese expansion and military campaigns. Details how Japan is exploiting the natural resources of other Asian nations. This film represents the orientalist and racist opinions directed towards the Japanese people in World War II. 

Nazi propaganda

Australia and WWII Propaganda

Japan and propaganda during WWII

Die for Japan!

While American World War II propaganda often focused on killing the enemy, Japanese propaganda focused more on dying for the nation. The film below examines Japanese World War II propaganda as depicted in kamishibai [Japanese paper plays], a form of street entertainment popular in Japan at the time.

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